Plan of Development

Bethel, Connecticut
Prepared for:
Planning and Zoning Commission
Bethel, Connecticut

Table of Contents


1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 Preface: Planning for the 21st Century
1.2 Citizen-Based Planning
1.3 Regional and Local Context
1.4 GIS Mapping

2.0 LAND USE 9

2.1 Current Land Uses 9
2.2 Development Potential 14
2.3 Using Land Development to Achieve Better Community Design 19

3.0 POPULATION 27

3.1 Growth 27
3.2 Race and Ethnicity 27
3.3 Age 28
3.4 Households 29
3.5 Income 31
3.6 Conclusions 32

4.0 HOUSING 33

4.1 Types 33
4.2 Occupancy And Vacancy 33
4.3 Cost 34
4.4 Households and Housing Use 37
4.5 Need for Lower Cost Housing 37

5.0 COMMUNITY FACILITIES 43

5.1 Parks and Recreation 43
5.2 Schools 45
5.3 Library 46
5.4 Social Services 46
5.5 Senior Citizens Center 47
5.6 Health Services 47
5.7 Municipal Buildings 48
5.8 Police Service 51
5.9 Fire Stations 51
5.10 Highways 52
5.11 Potential Uses of Publicly Owned Land 53

6.0 WATER AND SEWER UTILITIES 59

6.1 Existing Conditions 59
6.2 Future Needs 63

7.0 WATERSHED AND AQUIFER PROTECTION 67

7.1 Definition of Key Terms 67
7.2 Current Supply Sources 69
7.3 State of Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Mandates 70
7.4 Bethel's Current Protection Measures for Water Supply Watersheds and Major Aquifers 72
7.5 Recommendations for Bethel for Public Water Supply Watersheds and Major Aquifers 73
7.6 Aquifer and Watershed Protection Programs Around the Region 79

8.0 TRANSPORTATION AND TRAFFIC CIRCULATION 81

8.1 Current Transportation Demand 81
8.2 Traffic Accidents 82
8.3 Transportation Concerns Expressed in the Town-Wide Public Opinion Survey 84
8.4 Potential Transportation Improvements 86
8.5 Key Transportation Issues 88

9.0 ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 91

9.1 Overview of the State and Region 91
9.2 Labor Market 91
9.3 Housatonic Valley Region Economic Development Summary 92
9.4 Bethel Economic Development Commission 99
9.5 Overcoming Negative Business Factors 99
9.6 Recommendations and Potential Build-out 100

10.0 SPECIAL PLANNING AREAS: ROUTE 6 AND DOWNTOWN BETHEL 103

10.1 Route 6 103
10.2 Downtown 118

11.0 FUTURE LAND USE PLAN 139

11.1 What is a Future Land Use Plan? 139
11.2 Land Use Plan Elements 140

12.0 APPENDICES

A. Public Opinion Survey A1
B. Survey-Based Goals and Objectives B1
C. June 1996 Public Workshop C1
D. Census Tract and Block Group Data D1

Listing files in 'List of Figures'

List of Tables


Employment Selected Statistics, January 1996